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Could flu be spread just by breathing?

The flu virus might be spread not only by coughing and sneezing, but also simply by breathing, researchers say in a new report. They found clear evidence that influenza patients breathe the virus out through their mouths and noses in tiny particles that can stay suspended in the air for minutes or hours. It’s useful information in a flu season that has peaked across the continental United States all at once. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Friday that influenza activity continues on the upswing, with the whole…

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Scientists use AI to predict when you will die – with 90% accuracy

The scientists hope the system could enable better end-of-life care for hospital patients with a terminal disease. The computer program uses AI to achieve its high-level of accuracy and after an analysis of electronic health records. The AI program looked at 160,000 adult and child patient files from Stanford and Lucile Packard Children’s hospital. To improve the systems accuracy it looked at patient information like diagnosis, what procedures were performed, patient scans and what medicines had been taken. Anand Avati, a member of the AI Lab at Stanford University, said:…

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Cystic fibrosis bacterial burden begins during first years of life

Cystic fibrosis shortens life by making the lungs prone to repeated bacterial infections and inflammation. Researchers have now shown for the first time that the lungs’ bacterial population changes in the first few years of life as respiratory infections and inflammation set in. This research offers a way to predict the onset of lung disease in children with CF and suggests a larger role for preventive therapies, such as hypertonic saline.

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Hot yoga’s high temperature may not have any health benefits

Sweaty for nothing?Rebecca Greenfield / Polaris / eyevine By Clare Wilson Could hot yoga really just be a waste of effort? A study suggests that the practice may offer little benefit over similarly-paced yoga at a more normal temperature. Most forms of yoga are thought to aid relaxation and muscle strengthening. But hot yoga, which typically involves going through a strenuous 26 poses over 90 minutes in a warm and humid room, also makes people sweat intensely – which some take as a sign that it’s better for you. To…

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Black Death outbreak MAP: Latest maps show plague outbreak in Uganda

Health bosses have warned that the spread could be “catastrophic” following the shocking death of a child in Uganda earlier this week.  The young girl contracted the Crimean Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF), which has been dubbed the “bleeding eye fever” and is thought to be even more deadly than the Black Death.  As many as 60 people are now thought to be infected by the illness. The viral disease, which can kill up to 40 percent of all those infected, is usually spread by tick bites or contact with infected…

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How is the Black Death spread? New findings revealed – and it’s not all about rats

Black Death, also known as the plague, devastated human populations in Europe between 1346 and 1353, killing up to 200million people, according to estimates.  It was widely believed that rats were to blame for spreading the Black Death. But new research coming out of the University of Oslo and University of Ferrara suggests human “ectoparasites” might be more likely to have caused the epidemic. In a paper, scientists said: “While it is commonly assumed that rats and their fleas spread plague during the Second Pandemic, here, we show that human…

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Source of world’s biggest listeria outbreak still unknown

DR GARY GAUGLER/SCIENCE PHOTO LIBRARY THERE have been 748 confirmed cases of listeriosis in South Africa in the past year, making it the largest ever outbreak. So far, 67 people have died. Listeriosis infections are caused by Listeria monocytogenes bacteria, usually in contaminated food such as raw meat and poultry, unwashed vegetables, and dairy products. It can lead to meningitis or blood poisoning in newborn infants, older people, and people with compromised immune systems. Infection during pregnancy can cause miscarriage. Because symptoms can take between 6 hours and 10 weeks…

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EPA eases path for new chemicals, raising health fears

WASHINGTON — The Environmental Protection Agency is shifting course under the Trump administration on how it assesses new chemicals for health and environmental hazards, streamlining a safety review process that industry leaders say is too slow and cumbersome. But some former EPA officials, as well as experts and advocates, say the agency is skipping vital steps that protect the public from hazardous chemicals that consumers have never used before, undermining new laws and regulations that Congress passed with overwhelming bipartisan support in 2016. According to these critics, that could mean…

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South Africa facing largest listeriosis outbreak EVER as deadly disease kills 67

Almost 750 cases of the deadly disease have been confirmed and South Africa’s National Institute for Communicable Diseases (NICD) has directed all available resources to stemming the spread of the outbreak. Listeriosis is a serious bacterial infection which is spread when people eat food contaminated with the bacterium.  The most common foods to be contaminated are raw or unpasteurised milk as well as soft cheeses, or vegetables, processed foods and ready-to-eat meats and smoked fish products. Because the listeria bacteria are found in the environment – for instance in soil…

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